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What Federal Laws Apply to Your Business If You Have 15 or More Employees?


An employer’s size, or the number of employees, is a key factor in determining which federal labor laws the employer must comply with. As your company grows, the more compliance obligations it will have under federal labor laws. Once you have 15 employees, the federal laws below will apply to you. Here is a brief summary of what you need to know about them:

  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Protects qualified individuals with disabilities from unlawful employment discrimination, prohibits discrimination where an individual is able to perform their essential job functions, and requires an employer to make reasonable accommodations for disabled individuals unless doing so would place an undue hardship on the employer.

  • Genetic Information and Nondiscrimination Act (GINA): Prohibits the use of genetic information in employment and restricts employers from requesting or requiring genetic information.

  • Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA): Protects pregnant employees from being retaliated against in any way due to pregnancy, childbirth, or any related medical conditions.

  • Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act: Prohibits employers from discriminating in the workplace based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.


If your company needs help identifying a complete list of the different federal laws that may apply based on employee count, contact us so we can help you and ensure your business is in compliance!


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